Montenegro

Neverending Past by Andro MartinovićMARKET ANALYSIS 2019

PODGORICA: The budget of the Film Centre of Montenegro was 1.1 m EUR in 2019 and will be increased by 40% up to 1.6 m EUR in 2020.

Admissions and box office increased slightly for both domestic and foreign films in 2019.

Two calls were announced by the Film Centre of Montenegro at the end of December 2019: for co-financing of films of cultural significance for Montenegro and co-financing of films for children and youth. The results will be announced in 2020.

The Montenegrin/Serbian coproduction Neverending Past / Između dana i noći directed by Andro Martinović was selected to represent Montenegro at the 92nd Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awards in the International Feature Film category.

PRODUCTION

Seven feature films and one short fiction film were completed in Montenegro in 2019.

The list includes the Montenegrin production Get the Sky / Dohvati nebo directed by Milutin Darić Daka and produced by Podtun, the Montenegrin majority coproduction Breasts / Grudi directed by Marija Perović and produced by Open Box Studio (Montenegro) in association with Meander film (Montenegro) and in coproduction with Croatia’s Mitropa and Serbia’s Visionary Thinking, as well as the following minority coproductions: The Son / Sin directed by Ines Tanović and produced by Dokument Sarajevo (Bosnia and Breasts by Marija PerovićHerzegovina) in coproduction with Spiritus Movens (Croatia), Luna Film (Romania), Moono Film (Slovenia) and Cut Up (Montenegro); Mamonga directed by Stefan Malešević and produced by the Sarajevo Film Academy (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in coproduction with Nana 143 (Serbia) and Code Blue Production (Montenegro); The Happiness Effect / Hepines efekt directed by Borjan Zafirovski and produced by Living Pictures (Serbia) in coproduction with Novo Makedonsko Video (North Macedonia), Montenegro Max Film (Montenegro), Lisus Media (Albania) and B2-PR&Soultion (Kosovo); A Common Story / Realna priča directed by Gordan Kičić and produced by Filmkobajn (Serbia) in coproduction with Crossmedia Agency (Montenegro); Ajvar directed by Ana Maria Rossi and produced by Biberche Production (Serbia) in coproduction with Artikulacija Film (Montenegro).

Both Get the Sky by Milutin Darić Daka and Breasts by Marija Perović premiered at the 2019 Montenegro Film Festival.

Four feature films (including majority coproductions) were shot in 2019 and were in postproduction at the beginning of February 2020. The list includes the national production Supermarket directed by Nemanja Bečanović and produced by VHS, and the Montenegrin majority coproductions: The Stork / Roda directed by Isa Qosja and produced by ABHO Film (Montenegro) in coproduction with 4mm (Kosovo), One Draft LLC (Kosovo) and Tunnel Film (Albania); The Elegy of Laurel  / Elegija Lovora directed by Dušan Kasalica and produced by Meander film (Montenegro) in coproduction with Non-Aligned Films (Serbia), as well as After the Winter  / Posle zime directed by Ivan Bakrač and produced by ABHO Film (Montenegro) in coproduction with Artikulacija Film (Montenegro), ABA Film (Montenegro), Akcija Film (Serbia), Biberche Productions (Serbia) and Arizona Productions (France).

Four short films (two fiction and two documentary films) were shot in 2019 and were in postproduction at the beginning of February 2020: DIVA directed by Christophe Jarosz and produced by A Production (Montenegro) in coproduction with Les Films Du Tonnerre (France); Eagles Nest / Orlovsko gnijezdo directed by Milija Šćepanović and produced by Open Box Studio (Montenegro) in coproduction with Zillion Film (Serbia); as well as the short documentaries Librarian / Bibliotekar directed by Branislav Milatović and produced by Bitter Frames, and Soul of Nature directed by Slavko Klikovac and produced by Videa Production.

Ajvar by Ana Marija RossiNo documentaries were shot in 2019 except for The Last Nomad / Posljednji nomad, a Serbian/Montenegrin coproduction directed by Petar Glomazic and produced by CUT-UP doo and Wake Up films, which is still in production.

The Montenegrin Cinématheque is engaged in a documentary film project financed by the Ministry of Culture within the programme of protection and preservation of cultural heritage. The film Putevima dukljanske baštine directed by veteran film author Branko Baletić focuses on the preserved and newly-discovered artifacts of the most important antiquity location in Montenegro.

There are several production companies in Montenegro experienced in working on international productions. Among them are production companies which can help in different stages of production, from preliminary location scouting, through putting international producers in touch with tax and legal advice services, shooting permits, accommodation, travel and catering arrangements, to casting, facilities and equipment rental, marketing, etc. More information is available HERE.

DISTRIBUTION

A total of 356 films were distributed in cinemas in Montenegro in 2019, including three domestic titles: You Have the Night / Ti imaš noć directed by Ivan Salatić and produced by Montenegro’s Meander Film in coproduction with Serbia’s Non-Aligned Films and in association with Gustav Film; Neverending Past / Između dana i noći directed by Andro Martinović and produced by Montenegro’s Artikulacija Film in coproduction with Serbia’s Zillion Films, and A Common Story / Realna priča directed by Gordan Kičić.

Since 2013 Montenegro has been submitting a film candidate for the Academy Awards in the Best International Feature Film category, which contributes to the increasing visibility of Montenegrin films on the international scene. 

In 2019 the Montenegrin candidate was the Montenegrin/Serbian coproduction Neverending Past / Između dana i noći directed by Andro Martinović. The film has won five awards at various festivals, including best feature film at the Southeast European (SEE) Real Story by Gordan KičićFestival in Paris, Golden clip for best director at Ravno selo FF and the Special mention at the Green Montenegro IFF (GMIFF).

The main local film distributors are MCF MNE and Taramount film d.o.o.

Camera Lucida, the first and only film magazine in Montenegro, founded in 2010, is published on a quarterly basis in its multilingual editions, providing film reviews and critiques of the latest national and international film productions, written by some of the most distinguished, world-renowned film critics (such as Jean-Michel Frodon, Ronald Bergan, Joan Dupont, Jonathan Rosenbaum, Adrian Martin etc.), homages to the greatest world film authors, retrospectives of film classics, including full major festival reports and interviews with both established film figures and newcomer filmmakers.

EXHIBITION AND BOX OFFICE

There are two multiplexes in Montenegro, with 10 screens in all, as well as eight other single-screen cinemas.  

In 2019 total admissions were 307,324 and box office was 1,175,315 EUR, compared to 2018, when total admissions were 285,359 and total box office was 1,082,157 EUR. 

In 2019 domestic films had 1,252 admissions and cashed in 4,522 EUR, compared to 996 admissions and 3,348 EUR gross in 2018.

The top five films in cinemas were The Joker (with 19,754 admissions), The Lion King (20,710 admissions), The Balkan Line / Balkanska medja directed by Andreh Volgin, produced by Russia’s Upgrade Vision in coproduction with Russia’s Bless Film, Arhangel Studios, and distributed by Art Vista (15,515 admissions), Serbian Taxi Blues / Taksi Bluz directed by Miroslav Stamatov, produced by Viktorija Film in coproduction with Klan produkcija, d.o.o., and distributed by Art Vista (16,637 admissions), You Have the Night by Ivan SalatićAvengers: Endgame (10,968 admissions).

The top 10 of regional films is topped by the Russian/Serbian coproduction The Balkan Line / Balkanska medja (15,515 admissions), Serbian Taxi Blues / Taksi bluz (16,637 admissions), and Serbian Ekipa directed by Marko Sopic, produced by Cinenašina and distributed by MCF MegaFilmCom (5,974 admissions).

GRANTS AND NEW LEGISLATION

The Film Centre of Montenegro was established in the last days of 2016 and it has been headed by producer Sehad Čekić, who was approved for a four-year mandate in 2017. The film industry of Montenegro is governed by the Law on Cinematography from 2015, which received enormous support from decision makers, the film community and the international community. The Law on Culture approved in 2018 governs the area of culture and the establishment of public institutions in Montenegro.

The Film Centre of Montenegro is administered by a Council composed of five members. The Government appoints four members of the Council from the ranks of experts in film and culture and the fifth one is appointed from among the employees of the Centre. The Centre is financed from both the budget of Montenegro and the Film Fund, generating revenues on the basis of fees paid by entities that, directly or indirectly, exploit cinematographic works.

The following entities are obliged to pay the levy to the Film Fund:

  • public service - 5% of the total annual revenues generated from marketing;
  • commercial broadcasters with national coverage – 0.8% of annual revenues;
  • operators providing cable, satellite and internet distribution services, radio and television programmes (KDS/MMDS/IPTV/DTH platforms), representing their core activity - 2% of realised annual revenues;
  • cinemas - 3% of every sold cinema ticket, of which 1.5% shall be borne by the exhibitor, and 1.5% shall be borne by the distributor of the cinematographic work;
  • public communications network operators, including internet access operators - 0.9% of annual revenue generated from Internet services, distribution of TV programmes and rental of cinematographic works;
  • providers of video-on-demand rental services, representing their core activity - 3% of realised annual revenues.

Breasts by Marija PerovićIn 2019 the Film Centre of Montenegro supported with 988,000 EUR the production of five feature films, four long documentaries, one short fiction film, one short documentary, one short animated film, one short experimental-documentary film and seven minority coproductions. - see HERE

Five projects received development grants and two projects also received script development grants in 2019.

The Film Centre of Montenegro offers incentives to foreign and national producers shooting in Montenegro. Producers have the possibility to obtain a cash rebate on the invested funds for a film/TV project. The refund can cover up to 25% of eligible expenditures incurred in Montenegro for the making of an audiovisual work.

The right to a cash rebate may be granted to the producer, a coproducer or a production company that performs services. The right to a cash rebate for part of the funds spent on film production can be acquired by a producer for the production of feature, animated and documentary films, TV films and series which are fully or partially produced in Montenegro and which are intended for public presentation.

In 2019 MM production Montenegro received a 25% cash rebate for the TV series Diamond of Bojana / Biser Bojane directed by Milan Karadzic, produced by Serbia’s Vision team.

In 2019 Film Centre of Montenegro conducted two research polls: one on gender equality in the film industry in Montenegro, the results of which were presented at EFARN (European Film Agencies’ Research Network) meeting in Prague in October 2019; and a research on viewing habits among children and young audiences in Montenegro, the results of which will be used for the purposes of Strategy for development of film education.

Two calls were announced by the Film Centre of Montenegro at the end of December 2019 for co-financing of films of cultural significance for Montenegro and co-financing of films for children and youth. The results will be announced in 2020.

The budget of the Film Centre of Montenegro was 1.1 m EUR in 2019 and it will be increased by 40 % up to 1.6 m EUR in 2020.

TV

There are 18 TV channels operating in Montenegro, including three public channels TVCG 1TVCG 2 and TVCG Sat (for the Montenegrin diaspora) and local public channels TV NikšićTV Budva and TV Pljevlja.  

Neverending Past by Andro MartinovićThe most popular commercial TV channels are TV Nova MTV Vijesti and TV Prva. Other commercial channels are: TV Rožaje, Srpska TV, TV 777TV Corona, TV Boin, TV Novi, TV Sun and TV HN. In 2017 the ATLAS TV channel was closed and reformed into a new channel A1 TV in 2018.

According to Article 15 of the Law on public broadcasting services in Montenegro, the Radio Television in Montenegro (RTCG) is funded from: the general revenue of the budget of Montenegro in the amount of approximately 1.2% of the current budget, advertisement production and broadcast, the production and sales of audiovisual services; programme endorsements and also the organisation of concerts and other events.

In 2018, the Radio Television of Montenegro (RTCG) produced the short film The Road directed by Senad Šahmanović, as well as the TV mini-series Breasts / Grudi directed by Marija Perović, which won the Jury's Special Prize at the Seoul International Drama Awards 2019. The film under the same title, Breasts / Grudi, was made based on the mini-series, with additional shooting. 

CONTACTS:

FILM CENTRE OF MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.fccg.me
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

MEDIA DESK MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.kreativnaevropa.me
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MINISTRY OF CULTURE OF MONTENEGRO - Directorate for Cultural and Artistic Production
Minority coproduction The Happiness Effect by Borjan ZafirovskiUlica Njegoševa bb, 81250 Cetinje, Crna Gora
Phone: +382 (0)41 232 571
www.mku.gov.me
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MONTENEGRIN CINEMATHEQUE
Miljana Vukova 59, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 232 016
www.kinoteka.me
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ASSOCIATION OF FILM PRODUCERS AND DIRECTORS OF MONTENEGRO
Novaka Miloševa 42, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 67 568 110
www.afpd.me

CAMERA LUCIDA – Film magazine
Crnogorskih serdara 31, 81000 Podgorica
www.cameralucida.net
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Report by Maja Bogojević (2020)
Sources: the Film Centre of Montenegro, the Montenegrin Cinématheque


MARKET ANALYSIS 2018

Iskra by Gojko BerkuljanIn 2018 the Law on Culture was approved for the area of culture and the establishment of public institutions in Montenegro.

The budget of the Film Centre of Montenegro increased from 540,000 EUR  in 2017 to approximately 950,000 EUR in 2018 and it is expected to amount to approximately 1.2 m EUR in 2019.

Domestic films saw a substantial decrease from 27,191 admissions and 100,897 EUR gross in 2017 to 996 admissions and 3,348 EUR gross in 2018.

Gojko Berkuljan’s debut feature Iskra was chosen by the selection committee of the Montenegrin Ministry of Culture as Montenegro’s official entry for the US Academy Awards in the Foreign Language Film category.

PRODUCTION

Five feature films and long documentaries were shot in Montenegro in 2018 (minority coproductions included): You Have the Night / Ti imaš noć directed by Ivan Salatić, produced by Montenegro’s Meander Film in coproduction with Serbia’s Non-Aligned Films and in association with Gustav Film from Slovenia; Neverending Past / Između dana i noći directed by Andro Martinović and produced by Montenegro’s Artikulacija Film in coproduction with Serbia’s Zillion Films; Lazy Guy / Lijenština directed by Aleksa Stefan Radunović and produced by Andisheh Namvari; Borders, Raindrops / Granice, kiše directed by Vlastimir Sudar and Nikola Mijović, a coproduction from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro between All Inclusive Films, Balkan Film, Balkan Kino, Drina film, Media Plus, MediaPlus Belgrade and Montenegro Max Films; All Alone / Sam samcat directed by Bobo Jelčić and produced by Croatia’s Spiritus Movens in coproduction with De Productie (the Netherlands), Serbia’s Dart Film, Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Dokument and Montenegro’s Adriatic Western.

Six short films were filmed in Montenegro in 2018: Peloid / Peliod directed by Bojan Stijović and produced by Artikulacija Film; The Road / Put directed by Senad Šahmanović and produced by the Radio Television of Montenegro (RTCG); A Head Full of Joy / Glava puna radosti directed by Branislav Milatović and produced by Bitter Frames Production; the documentary TAM 4500 directed by Momir Matović and produced by Matfilm; We Are the Sons of Your Rocks / Sinovi smo tvog stijenja directed by Ivan Salatić and produced by Montenegro’s Meander Film in coproduction with Serbia’s Non-Aligned Films, and Separation, Vivid Dreams directed by Bojana Radulović and produced by Code Blue Production in coproduction with Nameless Productions.

No project applied for the incentives provided by the Film Centre of Montenegro in 2018.

There are several production companies in Montenegro experienced in working with international productions. Among them are production companies which can help on different stages of production, from preliminary location scouting, through putting international producers in You Have the Night by Ivan Salatićtouch with tax and legal advice services, shooting permits, accommodation, travel and catering arrangements, to casting, facilities and equipment rental, marketing, etc. More information is available HERE.

DISTRIBUTION

A total of 280 films were distributed in Montenegro in 2018, including three domestic films: Lazy Guy / Lijenština by Aleksa Stefan Radunović (with 534 admissions), Iskra directed by Gojko Berkuljan and produced by Montenegro’s Trust Agency in coproduction with Serbia’s Cinamon Production (194 admissions), Mirsada directed by Danilo Marunović and produced by Koala Production (264 admissions).

Hozentarus, a TV film directed by Draško Đurović and produced by the Radio Television of Montenegro (RTCG) had a special screening in 2018.

The main local film distributors are MCF MNE and Taramount film d.o.o.

In 2018 Montenegrin films received several accolades. You Have the Night by Ivan Salatić was selected for the Critics’ Week programme at the Venice Film Festival 2018 and was awarded the Grand Prix - „Aleksandar Saša Petrović“ Award for best film at the 24th Author Film Festival in Belgrade.

Borders, Raindrops by Vlastimir Sudar and Nikola Mijović was awarded for best actress (Kristina Obradović), best supporting actor (Momčilo Pićurić) and got a Special Mention (Nedjeljko Milović) at the Mojkovac Film Autumn.

Lazy Guy by Aleksa Stefan Radunović received the Jury’s Special Mention at the 2018 CINEDAYS – CineBalkan in Sjopje and the Special Jury Prize at the Montenegro Film Festival.

Peloid directed by Bojan Stijović was awarded best film at the Film Front International Short Film Festival in Novi Sad.

Since 2013 Montenegro has been submitting a film to vie for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, which contributes to the increasing visibility of Montenegrin films on the international scene.

In 2018 Gojko Berkuljan’s debut feature Iskra was chosen by the selection committee of the Montenegrin Ministry of Culture as Montenegro’s official entry for the US Academy Awards in the Foreign Language Film category. This political thriller is an independent Montenegrin/Serbian coproduction between Trust Agency and Cinnamon Films.

EXHIBITION AND BOX OFFICE

There are two multiplexes, with 10 screens, in Montenegro and eight other one-screen cinemas.  

In 2018 total admissions were 285,359 and total box office was 1,082,157 EUR, compared to 281,487 total admissions and 1,056,749 EUR total gross in 2017.

Lazy Guy by Aleksa Stefan RadunovićDomestic films saw a substantial decrease from 27,191 admissions and 100,897 EUR gross in 2017 to 996 admissions and 3,348 EUR gross in 2018.

In 2017 there were only two two domestic films theatrically released, but both had more than 12,000 admissions each. The contemporary romantic comedy Diamond of Boyana / Biser Bojane directed by Milan Karažić and produced by MM Production Montenegro in coproduction with Serbia’s Visionteam, had 14,612 admissions, and the comedy/drama The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice / The Books of knjige: Slučajevi pravde directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production, had 12,622 admissions.

Total admissions top ten 2018 is topped by the Serbian coproduction South Wind / Južni vetar directed by Miloš Avramović and produced by Režim, Art Vista and Archangel Studios, with 33,874 admissions, followed by Fifty Shades Freed (9,030), Johnny English Strikes Again (7,059), Ferdinand (6,818), Venom (6,457), Avengers: Infinity War (6,443), Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation (6,182), The Grinch (6,128), Ice (5,657), Aquaman (4,554).

GRANTS AND NEW LEGISLATION

The Film Centre of Montenegro was established in the last days of 2016 and it is currently headed by producer Sehad Čekić, who was approved for a four-year mandate in 2017.

The film industry of Montenegro is governed by the Law on Cinematography from 2015, which received enormous support from decision makers, the film community and the international community.

The Law on Culture approved in 2018 governs the area of culture and the establishment of public institutions in Montenegro.

The Film Centre of Montenegro is administered by a Council composed of five members. The Government appoints four members of the Council from the rank of experts in cinematography and culture and the fifth one is appointed from among the employees of the Centre.

The Centre is financed from both the budget of Montenegro and the Film Fund, generating revenues on the basis of fees paid by entities that, directly or indirectly, exploit cinematographic works.

The following entities are obliged to pay the levy to the Film Fund:

  • public service - 5% of the total annual revenues generated from marketing;
  • commercial broadcasters with national coverage – 0.8% of annual revenues;
  • operators providing cable, satellite and internet distribution services, radio and television programmes (KDS/MMDS/IPTV/DTH platforms), representing their core activity - 2% of realised annual revenues;
  • cinemas - 3% of every sold cinema ticket, of which 1.5% shall be borne by the exhibitor, and 1.5% shall be borne by the distributor of the cinematographic work;
  • public communications network operators, including internet access operators - 0.9% of annual revenue generated from Internet services, distribution of TV programmes and rental of cinematographic works;
  • providers of video-on-demand rental services, representing their core activity - 3% of realised annual revenues.

In 2018 the budget of the Centre amounted to approximately 950,000 EUR, compared to 540,000 EUR  in 2017.

The budgetary funds were allocated from the state budget and the procedure of collecting the first funds for the Film Fund started. The forecast inflow is estimated at around 500,000 EUR, which means that the total envisaged budget of the Centre will amount to approximately All Alone by Bobo Jelcic1.2 m EUR in 2019.

A certain amount of funds is allocated in the budget of the Ministry of Culture of Montenegro (around 250,000 EUR), earmarked for film festivals and payment of membership dues in certain international organisations.

By the second half of 2017, film production in Montenegro was co-financed through the funds of the Ministry of Culture through an annual public competition, and the decision was made by a commission composed of three members. The scope of funding varied over the years, but it has been stable in recent years and, given the investments in other cinematographic areas, there is a standard progress.

In addition to supporting film production, the Ministry of Culture also financed other film activities by supporting film festivals, education in this field, participation in international organisations, as well as through the support to the film sector in the area of improving its technical and other capacities.

As of the second half of 2017, the Centre assumed the obligation of organising a competition to support film production. The competition is intended to co-finance the production of cinematographic works in the following categories: feature films, documentaries, short films, animated and experimental films, minority coproductions, script development and project development.

The Centre may launch special competitions to co-finance the production of films intended for children and youth, as well as films capturing a topic of national importance.

In September 2018 the Centre allotted 762,000 EUR as script development, project development, feature and short film production grants. Six feature films received production funding. Click HERE to see the grants chart.

In October 2018, the Centre gave out 137,000 EUR for the production of three minority coproductions directed by Srđan Dragojević, Marija Zidar and Srđan Vuletić. Click HERE to see the grants chart.

The Film Centre of Montenegro offers incentives to foreign and national producers shooting in Montenegro.

Producers have the possibility to obtain a cash rebate on the invested funds for a film/TV project. The refund can cover up to 20% of eligible expenditures incurred in Montenegro for the making of an audiovisual work. The right to a cash rebate may be granted to the producer, a coproducer or a production company that performs services.

Borders, Raindrops by Vlastimir Sudar and Nikola MijovićThe right to a cash rebate for part of the funds spent on film production can be acquired by a producer for the production of live-action, animated and documentary films, TV films and series, which are fully or partially produced in Montenegro and which are intended for public presentation.

TV

There are 18 TV channels operating in Montenegro, including three public channels TVCG 1, TVCG 2 and TVCG Sat (for the Montenegrin diaspora) and local public channels TV NikšićTV Budva and TV Pljevlja.  

The most popular commercial TV channels are TV Nova M, TV Vijesti and TV Prva. Other commercial channels are: TV Rožaje, Srpska TV, TV 777, TV Corona, TV Boin, TV Novi, TV Sun and TV Teuta.

According to the Article 15 of the Law on public broadcasting services in Montenegro, the Radio Television in Montenegro (RTCG) is funded from: the general revenue of the budget of Montenegro in the amount of approximately 1.2% of the current budget, advertisement production and broadcast, the production and sales of audiovisual services; programme endorsements and also the organisation of concerts and other events.

In 2017 the ATLAS TV channel was closed and instead of it A1 TV opened in 2018.

The second season of the successful comedy series Dojc Caffe (launched in 2015) was produced in 2017 and 2018. The first season of the series directed by Milorad Milinkovic was produced in 2015 and 2016.

In 2018, Radio Television of Montenegro (RTCG) produced the short film The Road directed by Senad Šahmanović, as well as the TV mini-series Grudi directed by Marija Perović.

CONTACTS:

FILM CENTRE OF MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.fccg.me
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

MEDIA DESK MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.kreativnaevropa.me
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Peloid by Bojan StijovićMINISTRY OF CULTURE OF MONTENEGRO - Directorate for Cultural and Artistic Production
Ulica Njegoševa bb, 81250 Cetinje, Crna Gora
Phone: +382 (0)41 232 571
www.mku.gov.me
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

MONTENEGRIN CINEMATHEQUE
Miljana Vukova 59, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 232 016
www.kinoteka.me
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

ASSOCIATION OF FILM PRODUCERS AND DIRECTORS OF MONTENEGRO
Novaka Miloševa 42, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 67 568 110
www.afpd.me

Report by Iulia Blaga (2019)
Sources: Film Centre of Montenegro


 MARKET ANALYSIS 2017

The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice by Zoran MarkovićProjects of young Montenegrin authors have been recognised by different international funds, workshops and training programmes in recent years. Montenegro had four selected participants, including two producers and two directors, at the Berlinale Talents in 2017.

The feature film project After the Winter by Ivan Bakrač was supported in 2017 by the MEDIA Programme with 30,000 EUR in the single project development category.

Also in 2017, the feature film project Sirin by Senad Šahmanović was selected for the MIDPOINT project development programme, while The Elegy of Laurel by writer/director Dušan Kasalica was among the 10 projects from around the world selected for the Berlin Film Festival’s Script Station.

Since 2013 Montenegro has been submitting a film to vie for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, which contributes to the increasing visibility on Montenegrin films on the international scene.

There are several production companies in Montenegro experienced in working with international productions. Among them are production companies which can help on different stages of production, from preliminary location scouting, by putting international producers in touch with tax and legal advice services, shooting permits, accommodation, travel and catering arrangements, to casting, facilities and equipment rental, marketing, etc. More information is available HERE.

Breasts by Marija PerovićPRODUCTION

Four feature films and long documentaries were shot in Montenegro in 2017: Neverending Past / Između dana I noći directed by Andro Martinović and produced by Artikulacija Film, Iskra directed by Gojko Berkuljan and produced by Trust Agency, The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production and You Have the Night / Ti imaš noć directed by Ivan Salatić and produced by Meander Film.

Four shorts were filmed in 2017: A Head Full of Joy / Puna glava radosti directed by Branislav Milatović and produced by Bitter Frames Production, The Road / Put directed by Senad Šahmanović and produced by the Radio Television of Montenegro, Soa directed by Dušan Kasalica and produced by Meander Film and Martin directed by Bojan Stijović and produced by Artikulacija Film.

Although the Film Centre of Montenegro started offering incentives to foreign producers pursuing filmmaking in Montenegro, no international project benefited of the incentives in 2017.

Soa by Dušan KasalicaDISTRIBUTION

A total of 251 films were distributed in Montenegro in 2017, including two domestic films – the contemporary romantic comedy Diamond of Boyana / Biser Bojane directed by Milan Karažić and produced by Montenegro’s MM Production Montenegro in coproduction with Serbia’s Visionteam, with 14,612 admissions, as well as the comedy/drama The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice / The Books of knjige: Slučajevi pravde directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production, with 12,622 admissions.

The main local film distributors are MCF MNE and Taramount film d.o.o.

In 2017 Montenegrin films received several accolades. Dušan Kasalica’s short film Soa received a Special Mention at the Sarajevo Film Festival, while the Montenegrin/Serbian coproduction The Black Pin by Ivan Marinović, produced by Adriatic Western and eed Production), was awarded for Best Art Design at the Balkan New Film Festival BaNeFF in Stockholm and received the Best Actor award for Nikola Ristanovski at the Valletta Film Festival, the Silver Lighthouse award at the Otranto Film Fund Festival (Italy) and Best Film award at the Balkan Film Festival in Uruguay.

Dijana Vidusin and Tom Wlaschiha in Escape to the Sea by Veljko Bulajić, copyright: Gral FilmEXHIBITION AND BOX OFFICE

There are two multiplexes, with 10 screens, in Montenegro and eight other one-screen cinemas. Two new cinemas opened in 2017- Cinema 213 in Nikšić and the Cultural Center in Tivat.

In 2017 total admissions were 281,487 and total box office was 1,056,749 EUR, compared to 277,171 admissions and 1,042,810 EUR in 2016.

In 2017 admissions for domestic films were 27,191 and box office for domestic films was 100,897 EUR, compared to 2,570 admissions and 8.415,18 EUR in 2016.

Total admissions top ten 2017 is topped by Diamond of Boyana by Milan Karažić with 14,612 admissions. The film was also number one of the 2017 box office top ten with 54,817 EUR.

The Books of Knjige by Zoran Marković is ranked second in the total admissions top ten as well as in the total box office top ten, with 12,622 admissions and 46,433 EUR respectively.

A Balkan Noir by Dražen KuljaninGRANTS AND NEW LEGISLATION

The Film Centre of Montenegro was established in the last days of 2016 and it is currently headed by producer Sehad Čekić, who was approved for a four-year mandate in 2017.

The film industry of Montenegro is governed by the Law on Cinematography from 2015, which received enormous support from decision makers, the film community and the international community. The Law on Culture approved in 2018 governs the area of culture and the establishment of public institutions in Montenegro.

Film Centre of Montenegro is a public institution with the objective of improving and developing Montenegrin cinematography by:

  • creating conditions for film production and coproduction cooperation;
  • creating conditions for the promotion, presentation and integration of contemporary film creativity into regional and international flows;
  • creating favourable conditions for increasing the number and scope of foreign shooting in Montenegro;
  • developing regulations and creating the conditions for the creation of a more favourable business environment and the development of cinematography;
  • participating in the programmes of the European Union and the Council of Europe in the field of cinematography, as well as the realisation of activities arising from the membership in the European and world associations;
  • creating conditions for collecting earmarked funds for the financing of cinematography through a film fund;
  • supressing illegal traffic and use of cinematographic works;
  • improving the measures and activities for the protection of children and youth, gender equality and respecting diversity of members of minorities and other minority national communities;
  • pursuing activities aimed at improving complementary activities;
  • establishing and maintaining a database of statistical data in the cinematography area;
  • performing other activities stemming from the established public interest in cinematography, in accordance with the law and the Memorandum of Association of the Centre.

Iskra by Gojko BerkuljanThe Film Centre of Montenegro is administered by a Council composed of five members. The Government appoints four members of the Council from the rank of experts in cinematography and culture, whereas the fifth member is appointed from among the employees of the Centre.

The Centre is financed from both the budget of Montenegro and the Film Fund, generating revenues on the basis of fees paid by entities that, directly or indirectly, exploit cinematographic works.

The following entities are obliged to pay the levy to the Film Fund:

  • public service - 5% of the total annual revenues generated from marketing;
  • commercial broadcasters with national coverage – 0.8% of annual revenues;
  • operators providing cable, satellite and internet distribution services, radio and television programmes (KDS/MMDS/IPTV/DTH platforms), representing their core activity - 2% of realised annual revenues;
  • cinemas - 3% of every sold cinema ticket, of which 1.5% shall be borne by the exhibitor, and 1.5% shall be borne by the distributor of the cinematographic work;
  • public communications network operators, including internet access operators - 0.9% of annual revenue generated from Internet services, distribution of TV programmes and rental of cinematographic works;
  • providers of video-on-demand rental services, representing their core activity - 3% of realised annual revenues.

The funds generated on the basis of these payments shall be used for the implementation of the National Programme, in accordance with the state aid regulations.

After the Winter by Ivan BakračThe above-mentioned entities shall be obliged to submit to the Centre the data on realised annual income, representing the basis for allocation of funds to the film fund, by the end of April each year for the previous calendar year.

Pursuant to the data submitted, the Centre shall issue a Decision on the payment of funds by applying a prescribed rate. The Centre shall have the right to verify the submitted data through the competent state administration authorities and publicly published financial statements.

In 2017 the budget of the Centre amounted to 540,000 EUR and in 2018 to 640,000 EUR. The budgetary funds were allocated from the state budget and the procedure for collecting the first funds for the Film Fund started. The forecasted inflow is estimated at around 500,000 EUR, which means that the total envisaged budget of the Centre will amount to approximately 1.1 m EUR in 2018.

It is worth emphasising that a certain amount of funds is allocated in the budget of the Ministry of Culture of Montenegro (around 250,000 EUR), earmarked for the film festivals and payment of membership dues in certain international organisations.

By the second half of 2017, the film production in Montenegro was co-financed through the funds of the Ministry of Culture through an annual public competition, and the decision was made by a commission composed of three members. The scope of funding varied over the years, but it has been stable in recent years and, given the investments in other cinematographic areas, there is a standard progress.

In addition to supporting film production, the Ministry of Culture also financed other film activities by supporting film festivals, education in this field, participation in international organisations, as well as through the support to the film sector in the area of improving its technical and other capacities.

Neverending Past by Andro MartinovićAs of the second half of 2017, the Centre assumed the obligation of organising a competition to support film production. Competitions are organised according to the Rules on the manner, procedure and criteria for inciting production of cinematographic works, which was adopted in October 2017. The competition is intended to co-finance the production of cinematographic works in the following categories: feature films, documentaries, short films, animated and experimental films, minority coproductions, script development and project development.

Pursuant to the Law on Cinematography, a national cinematographic work must, as a minimum, fulfil three of the following requirements:

  • to be recorded in Montenegrin or in one of the languages in the official use in Montenegro;
  • that the director, screenwriter or the majority of the team of authors are from Montenegro;
  • to be entirely or predominantly recorded on the territory of Montenegro;
  • to capture a theme from the cultural environment of Montenegro;
  • to be produced by a national producer or in cooperation with one or more national coproducers;
  • that the majority of the members of the film team are from Montenegro;
  • to be produced in coproduction with foreign producers in accordance with the provisions of the European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production.

The Centre may launch special competitions to co-finance the production of films intended for children and youth, as well as films capturing a topic of national importance.

The competition may not co-finance ordered or programme films, educational films, film marketing and advertising films.

You Have the Night by Ivan SalatićThe Commission consists of five members from the rank of reputable artists and experts in the cinematography area, who may come from the country or from abroad.

Each member of the Commission shall deliver to the Centre a signed and filled evaluation list with a brief explanation of each application, followed by the ranking list of projects based on the average of points assigned.

The Centre concludes a contract with the best ranked applicant, defining the mutual rights and obligations of the contracting parties in relation to the use of funds, project implementation dynamics, payment schedule, procedures in case of departing from contracted obligations, termination of the contract and other issues of importance for the implementation of the cinematographic work that is the contracts’ subject.

In addition to the director of the Centre, the signatories to the contract are also the producer and director of the cinematographic work. The contract for supporting films with a minority Montenegrin share is signed between the director of the Centre and the Montenegrin coproducer. The contract for the development of a film screenplay is concluded between the director of the Centre and the author of the script.

The recipient of the funds shall be obliged to emphasise the contribution of the Centre during the film presentation and promotion, by displaying in a visible place the Centre’s logo and the title in the opening and closing credits, subject to the prior consent of the Centre.

The recipient of the funds is also obliged to provide the Centre with the possibility to use the film or some of its parts for promotional and non-commercial purposes, without compensation.

The recipient of the funds shall be also obliged to submit to the Montenegrin Cinematheque (www.kinoteka.me) a copy of the cinematographic work and the material relating to it, within six months following the completion of the postproduction.

In 2017 the Centre launched grants contest in the following categories: script development, project development, short films, minority coproductions

The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice by Zoran MarkovićThe total number of projects submitted was 50 (16 for script development, nine for project development, eight short films and 17 minority coproductions) and a total of 21 projects received support in the amount of 347,000 EUR. Click HERE to see the grants chart.

Film Centre of Montenegro offers incentives to foreign and national producers shooting in Montenegro.

Productions have the option of obtaining a cash rebate on the invested funds for a film/TV project. The refund can cover up to 20% of eligible expenditures spent in Montenegro for the making of the audiovisual work. The right to a cash rebate may be granted to the producer, a coproducer or a production company that performs a service provided that:

  • funds spent for the realisation of the cinematographic work in Montenegro are not provided from the budget of Montenegro or the Centre and are not less than 100,000 EUR;
  • all legally prescribed taxes, contributions and other fiscal obligations have been previously settled in Montenegro;
  • bankruptcy or winding-up proceedings have not been initiated against the producer;
  • a producer or coproducer has at least one feature film that was shown to the public.

Breasts by Marija PerovićThe right to a cash rebate for a part of the funds spent in film production can be acquired by a producer for the production of live-action, animated and documentary films, TV films and series, which are fully or partially produced in Montenegro and which are intended for public presentation.

For full foreign productions, regardless of the number of producers and the countries from which they come, the foreign producer that is the project owner has to hire a film producer from Montenegro, who will start and participate in the proceedings regarding the return of funds as a production service.

The qualifying test includes cultural content, use of film crew and talents, use of production capacities, and applied production has to have minimum 15 points.

TV

There are 18 TV channels operating in Montenegro including three public channels TVCG 1, TVCG 2 and TVCG Sat (for the Montenegrin diaspora) and local public channels TV NikšićTV Budva and TV Pljevlja.  

The most popular commercial TV channels are TV Nova M, TV Vijesti and TV Prva. Other commercial channels are: TV Rožaje, Srpska TV, TV 777,TV Corona, TV Boin, TV Novi, TV Sun and TV Teuta.

 Soa by Dušan KasalicaAccording to the Article 15 of the Law on public broadcasting services in Montenegro, the Radio Television in Montenegro (RTCG) is funded from: the general revenue of the budget of Montenegro in the amount of approximately 1.2% of the current budget, advertisement production and broadcast, the production and sales of audiovisual services; programme endorsements and also the organisation of concerts and other events.

In 2017 the ATLAS TV channel was closed and instead of it A1 TV has opened in 2018.

The first season of the historical/romantic drama series Christmas Uprising / Bozicni ustanak was produced in 2017. The series was produced by Dogma Studio and the Radio Television of Montenegro, and its nine episodes are directed by Zeljko Sosic.

The second season of the successful comedy series Dojc Caffe (launched in 2015) was produced in 2017 and 2018. The first season of the series directed by Milorad Milinkovic was produced in 2015 and 2016.

CONTACTS:

FILM CENTRE OF MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.fccg.me
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MEDIA DESK MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.kreativnaevropa.me
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A Balkan Noir by Dražen KuljaninMINISTRY OF CULTURE OF MONTENEGRO - Directorate for Cultural and Artistic Production
Ulica Njegoševa bb, 81250 Cetinje, Crna Gora
Phone: +382 (0)41 232 571
www.mku.gov.me
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MONTENEGRIN CINEMATHEQUE
Miljana Vukova 59, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 232 016
www.kinoteka.me
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ASSOCIATION OF FILM PRODUCERS AND DIRECTORS OF MONTENEGRO
Novaka Miloševa 42, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 67 568 110
www.afpd.me

Report by Iulia Blaga
Sources: Film Centre of Montenegro