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Montenegro

MARKET ANALYSIS 2017

The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice by Zoran MarkovićProjects of young Montenegrin authors have been recognised by different international funds, workshops and training programmes in recent years. Montenegro had four selected participants, including two producers and two directors, at the Berlinale Talents in 2017.

The feature film project After the Winter by Ivan Bakrač was supported in 2017 by the MEDIA Programme with 30,000 EUR in the single project development category.

Also in 2017, the feature film project Sirin by Senad Šahmanović was selected for the MIDPOINT project development programme, while The Elegy of Laurel by writer/director Dušan Kasalica was among the 10 projects from around the world selected for the Berlin Film Festival’s Script Station.

Since 2013 Montenegro has been submitting a film to vie for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, which contributes to the increasing visibility on Montenegrin films on the international scene.

There are several production companies in Montenegro experienced in working with international productions. Among them are production companies which can help on different stages of production, from preliminary location scouting, by putting international producers in touch with tax and legal advice services, shooting permits, accommodation, travel and catering arrangements, to casting, facilities and equipment rental, marketing, etc. More information is available HERE.

Breasts by Marija PerovićPRODUCTION

Four feature films and long documentaries were shot in Montenegro in 2017: Neverending Past / Između dana I noći directed by Andro Martinović and produced by Artikulacija Film, Iskra directed by Gojko Berkuljan and produced by Trust Agency, The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production and You Have the Night / Ti imaš noć directed by Ivan Salatić and produced by Meander Film.

Four shorts were filmed in 2017: A Head Full of Joy / Puna glava radosti directed by Branislav Milatović and produced by Bitter Frames Production, The Road / Put directed by Senad Šahmanović and produced by the Radio Television of Montenegro, Soa directed by Dušan Kasalica and produced by Meander Film and Martin directed by Bojan Stijović and produced by Artikulacija Film.

Although the Film Centre of Montenegro started offering incentives to foreign producers pursuing filmmaking in Montenegro, no international project benefited of the incentives in 2017.

Soa by Dušan KasalicaDISTRIBUTION

A total of 251 films were distributed in Montenegro in 2017, including two domestic films – the contemporary romantic comedy Diamond of Boyana / Biser Bojane directed by Milan Karažić and produced by Montenegro’s MM Production Montenegro in coproduction with Serbia’s Visionteam, with 14,612 admissions, as well as the comedy/drama The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice / The Books of knjige: Slučajevi pravde directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production, with 12,622 admissions.

The main local film distributors are MCF MNE and Taramount film d.o.o.

In 2017 Montenegrin films received several accolades. Dušan Kasalica’s short film Soa received a Special Mention at the Sarajevo Film Festival, while the Montenegrin/Serbian coproduction The Black Pin by Ivan Marinović, produced by Adriatic Western and eed Production), was awarded for Best Art Design at the Balkan New Film Festival BaNeFF in Stockholm and received the Best Actor award for Nikola Ristanovski at the Valletta Film Festival, the Silver Lighthouse award at the Otranto Film Fund Festival (Italy) and Best Film award at the Balkan Film Festival in Uruguay.

Dijana Vidusin and Tom Wlaschiha in Escape to the Sea by Veljko Bulajić, copyright: Gral FilmEXHIBITION AND BOX OFFICE

There are two multiplexes, with 10 screens, in Montenegro and eight other one-screen cinemas. Two new cinemas opened in 2017- Cinema 213 in Nikšić and the Cultural Center in Tivat.

In 2017 total admissions were 281,487 and total box office was 1,056,749 EUR, compared to 277,171 admissions and 1,042,810 EUR in 2016.

In 2017 admissions for domestic films were 27,191 and box office for domestic films was 100,897 EUR, compared to 2,570 admissions and 8.415,18 EUR in 2016.

Total admissions top ten 2017 is topped by Diamond of Boyana by Milan Karažić with 14,612 admissions. The film was also number one of the 2017 box office top ten with 54,817 EUR.

The Books of Knjige by Zoran Marković is ranked second in the total admissions top ten as well as in the total box office top ten, with 12,622 admissions and 46,433 EUR respectively.

A Balkan Noir by Dražen KuljaninGRANTS AND NEW LEGISLATION

The Film Centre of Montenegro was established in the last days of 2016 and it is currently headed by producer Sehad Čekić, who was approved for a four-year mandate in 2017.

The film industry of Montenegro is governed by the Law on Cinematography from 2015, which received enormous support from decision makers, the film community and the international community. The Law on Culture approved in 2018 governs the area of culture and the establishment of public institutions in Montenegro.

Film Centre of Montenegro is a public institution with the objective of improving and developing Montenegrin cinematography by:

  • creating conditions for film production and coproduction cooperation;
  • creating conditions for the promotion, presentation and integration of contemporary film creativity into regional and international flows;
  • creating favourable conditions for increasing the number and scope of foreign shooting in Montenegro;
  • developing regulations and creating the conditions for the creation of a more favourable business environment and the development of cinematography;
  • participating in the programmes of the European Union and the Council of Europe in the field of cinematography, as well as the realisation of activities arising from the membership in the European and world associations;
  • creating conditions for collecting earmarked funds for the financing of cinematography through a film fund;
  • supressing illegal traffic and use of cinematographic works;
  • improving the measures and activities for the protection of children and youth, gender equality and respecting diversity of members of minorities and other minority national communities;
  • pursuing activities aimed at improving complementary activities;
  • establishing and maintaining a database of statistical data in the cinematography area;
  • performing other activities stemming from the established public interest in cinematography, in accordance with the law and the Memorandum of Association of the Centre.

Iskra by Gojko BerkuljanThe Film Centre of Montenegro is administered by a Council composed of five members. The Government appoints four members of the Council from the rank of experts in cinematography and culture, whereas the fifth member is appointed from among the employees of the Centre.

The Centre is financed from both the budget of Montenegro and the Film Fund, generating revenues on the basis of fees paid by entities that, directly or indirectly, exploit cinematographic works.

The following entities are obliged to pay the levy to the Film Fund:

  • public service - 5% of the total annual revenues generated from marketing;
  • commercial broadcasters with national coverage – 0.8% of annual revenues;
  • operators providing cable, satellite and internet distribution services, radio and television programmes (KDS/MMDS/IPTV/DTH platforms), representing their core activity - 2% of realised annual revenues;
  • cinemas - 3% of every sold cinema ticket, of which 1.5% shall be borne by the exhibitor, and 1.5% shall be borne by the distributor of the cinematographic work;
  • public communications network operators, including internet access operators - 0.9% of annual revenue generated from Internet services, distribution of TV programmes and rental of cinematographic works;
  • providers of video-on-demand rental services, representing their core activity - 3% of realised annual revenues.

The funds generated on the basis of these payments shall be used for the implementation of the National Programme, in accordance with the state aid regulations.

After the Winter by Ivan BakračThe above-mentioned entities shall be obliged to submit to the Centre the data on realised annual income, representing the basis for allocation of funds to the film fund, by the end of April each year for the previous calendar year.

Pursuant to the data submitted, the Centre shall issue a Decision on the payment of funds by applying a prescribed rate. The Centre shall have the right to verify the submitted data through the competent state administration authorities and publicly published financial statements.

In 2017 the budget of the Centre amounted to 540,000 EUR and in 2018 to 640,000 EUR. The budgetary funds were allocated from the state budget and the procedure for collecting the first funds for the Film Fund started. The forecasted inflow is estimated at around 500,000 EUR, which means that the total envisaged budget of the Centre will amount to approximately 1.1 m EUR in 2018.

It is worth emphasising that a certain amount of funds is allocated in the budget of the Ministry of Culture of Montenegro (around 250,000 EUR), earmarked for the film festivals and payment of membership dues in certain international organisations.

By the second half of 2017, the film production in Montenegro was co-financed through the funds of the Ministry of Culture through an annual public competition, and the decision was made by a commission composed of three members. The scope of funding varied over the years, but it has been stable in recent years and, given the investments in other cinematographic areas, there is a standard progress.

In addition to supporting film production, the Ministry of Culture also financed other film activities by supporting film festivals, education in this field, participation in international organisations, as well as through the support to the film sector in the area of improving its technical and other capacities.

Neverending Past by Andro MartinovićAs of the second half of 2017, the Centre assumed the obligation of organising a competition to support film production. Competitions are organised according to the Rules on the manner, procedure and criteria for inciting production of cinematographic works, which was adopted in October 2017. The competition is intended to co-finance the production of cinematographic works in the following categories: feature films, documentaries, short films, animated and experimental films, minority coproductions, script development and project development.

Pursuant to the Law on Cinematography, a national cinematographic work must, as a minimum, fulfil three of the following requirements:

  • to be recorded in Montenegrin or in one of the languages in the official use in Montenegro;
  • that the director, screenwriter or the majority of the team of authors are from Montenegro;
  • to be entirely or predominantly recorded on the territory of Montenegro;
  • to capture a theme from the cultural environment of Montenegro;
  • to be produced by a national producer or in cooperation with one or more national coproducers;
  • that the majority of the members of the film team are from Montenegro;
  • to be produced in coproduction with foreign producers in accordance with the provisions of the European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production.

The Centre may launch special competitions to co-finance the production of films intended for children and youth, as well as films capturing a topic of national importance.

The competition may not co-finance ordered or programme films, educational films, film marketing and advertising films.

You Have the Night by Ivan SalatićThe Commission consists of five members from the rank of reputable artists and experts in the cinematography area, who may come from the country or from abroad.

Each member of the Commission shall deliver to the Centre a signed and filled evaluation list with a brief explanation of each application, followed by the ranking list of projects based on the average of points assigned.

The Centre concludes a contract with the best ranked applicant, defining the mutual rights and obligations of the contracting parties in relation to the use of funds, project implementation dynamics, payment schedule, procedures in case of departing from contracted obligations, termination of the contract and other issues of importance for the implementation of the cinematographic work that is the contracts’ subject.

In addition to the director of the Centre, the signatories to the contract are also the producer and director of the cinematographic work. The contract for supporting films with a minority Montenegrin share is signed between the director of the Centre and the Montenegrin coproducer. The contract for the development of a film screenplay is concluded between the director of the Centre and the author of the script.

The recipient of the funds shall be obliged to emphasise the contribution of the Centre during the film presentation and promotion, by displaying in a visible place the Centre’s logo and the title in the opening and closing credits, subject to the prior consent of the Centre.

The recipient of the funds is also obliged to provide the Centre with the possibility to use the film or some of its parts for promotional and non-commercial purposes, without compensation.

The recipient of the funds shall be also obliged to submit to the Montenegrin Cinematheque (www.kinoteka.me) a copy of the cinematographic work and the material relating to it, within six months following the completion of the postproduction.

In 2017 the Centre launched grants contest in the following categories: script development, project development, short films, minority coproductions

The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice by Zoran MarkovićThe total number of projects submitted was 50 (16 for script development, nine for project development, eight short films and 17 minority coproductions) and a total of 21 projects received support in the amount of 347,000 EUR. Click HERE to see the grants chart.

Film Centre of Montenegro offers incentives to foreign and national producers shooting in Montenegro.

Productions have the option of obtaining a cash rebate on the invested funds for a film/TV project. The refund can cover up to 20% of eligible expenditures spent in Montenegro for the making of the audiovisual work. The right to a cash rebate may be granted to the producer, a coproducer or a production company that performs a service provided that:

  • funds spent for the realisation of the cinematographic work in Montenegro are not provided from the budget of Montenegro or the Centre and are not less than 100,000 EUR;
  • all legally prescribed taxes, contributions and other fiscal obligations have been previously settled in Montenegro;
  • bankruptcy or winding-up proceedings have not been initiated against the producer;
  • a producer or coproducer has at least one feature film that was shown to the public.

Breasts by Marija PerovićThe right to a cash rebate for a part of the funds spent in film production can be acquired by a producer for the production of live-action, animated and documentary films, TV films and series, which are fully or partially produced in Montenegro and which are intended for public presentation.

For full foreign productions, regardless of the number of producers and the countries from which they come, the foreign producer that is the project owner has to hire a film producer from Montenegro, who will start and participate in the proceedings regarding the return of funds as a production service.

The qualifying test includes cultural content, use of film crew and talents, use of production capacities, and applied production has to have minimum 15 points.

TV

There are 18 TV channels operating in Montenegro including three public channels TVCG 1, TVCG 2 and TVCG Sat (for the Montenegrin diaspora) and local public channels TV NikšićTV Budva and TV Pljevlja.  

The most popular commercial TV channels are TV Nova M, TV Vijesti and TV Prva. Other commercial channels are: TV Rožaje, Srpska TV, TV 777,TV Corona, TV Boin, TV Novi, TV Sun and TV Teuta.

 Soa by Dušan KasalicaAccording to the Article 15 of the Law on public broadcasting services in Montenegro, the Radio Television in Montenegro (RTCG) is funded from: the general revenue of the budget of Montenegro in the amount of approximately 1.2% of the current budget, advertisement production and broadcast, the production and sales of audiovisual services; programme endorsements and also the organisation of concerts and other events.

In 2017 the ATLAS TV channel was closed and instead of it A1 TV has opened in 2018.

The first season of the historical/romantic drama series Christmas Uprising / Bozicni ustanak was produced in 2017. The series was produced by Dogma Studio and the Radio Television of Montenegro, and its nine episodes are directed by Zeljko Sosic.

The second season of the successful comedy series Dojc Caffe (launched in 2015) was produced in 2017 and 2018. The first season of the series directed by Milorad Milinkovic was produced in 2015 and 2016.

CONTACTS:

FILM CENTRE OF MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.fccg.me
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MEDIA DESK MONTENEGRO
13. Jula, bb, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 675 238
www.kreativnaevropa.me
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A Balkan Noir by Dražen KuljaninMINISTRY OF CULTURE OF MONTENEGRO - Directorate for Cultural and Artistic Production
Ulica Njegoševa bb, 81250 Cetinje, Crna Gora
Phone: +382 (0)41 232 571
www.mku.gov.me
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MONTENEGRIN CINEMATHEQUE
Miljana Vukova 59, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 (0)20 232 016
www.kinoteka.me
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ASSOCIATION OF FILM PRODUCERS AND DIRECTORS OF MONTENEGRO
Novaka Miloševa 42, 81000 Podgorica
Phone: +382 67 568 110
www.afpd.me

Report by Iulia Blaga
Sources: Film Centre of Montenegro

Fact box Montenegro

Population:  622,303 (2017)
Total admissions: 281,487 (2017)
Total gross: 1,056,749 EUR (2017)
Feature film production: 3 (2017)
Domestic releases: 2 (2017)
Admissions per capita: 0.5 (2017)
Admissions domestic films: 26,702 (2017)
State support for film industry: approx. 1 m EUR (2017)

source: the Film Centre of Montenegro

Admissions top ten (in multiplexes) 2017:

Title  Country of Origin Admissions
Diamond of Boyana /Biser Bojane Montenegro, Serbia 14,612
The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice /The Books of knjige: Slučajevi pravde Montenegro 12,622
50 Shades Darker USA 8,665
The Boss Baby USA 8,571
Beauty and the Beast USA 7,748
The Fast and the Furious  USA  7,060
Despicable Me 3  USA 7,230
Murder at Orient Express USA, UK 5,462
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales USA 4,888
Zona Zamfirova 2 Serbia 4,811

Source: the Film Centre of Montenegro

Film Festivals in Montenegro

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Useful Links

FNE TV: Montenegro director Ivan Salatic

Ivan Salatic fne tv 24.09

FNE asked Montenegrin director Ivan Salatic about his new film Ti imaš noć / You Have the Night which is a coproduction between Montenegro, Serbia and Qatar

See the interview>>>