FNE has teamed up with the Brussels based team of the International Union of Cinemas (UNIC) to bring you regular updates on EU cinema policies that impact all industry professionals across Europe.
Each two weeks the UNIC team of experts will update FNE readers with a selection of information on the most important developments in cinema policy in the areas of the Digital Single Market, copyright, new research on audience development, policy meetings and events and other vital information that the leaders of the European cinema need to keep abreast of to do their jobs.
These are issues that have an impact on all of us and will determine the future direction of our industry and indeed even its survival.
European Film Forum 04/09: European Film Forum in Venice: Speech by EU Commissioner Mariya Gabriel – European Commission
The newly appointed Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society, Mariya Gabriel shared her perspective on the current and future MEDIA programme. 02/09: The European Film Forum goes to Venice – European Commission
The European Film Forum (EFF) brought together industry representatives and policy makers to explore, on one hand, the industrial and societal effects of virtual reality and, on the other hand, to look ahead to the future of audiovisual policy and support programmes.
Copyright 04/09: EFADs call for a copyright framework to support film education, audiovisual heritage, and a fair, diverse and transparent online marketplace in the 21st century - EFADs The European Film Agency Directors (EFADs) have launched a paper calling on Europe’s policy makers, the European Commission and leading audio-visual organisations to work together in ensuring a copyright framework is established that is fit for the industry and audiences in the 21st century.
Events 27/09: European Audiovisual Observatory Conference on media convergence - Brussels 29/09: Workshop on the Promotion of European Works in Audiovisual Media Services - Brussels27-28/11: European Film Forum in Tallinn - Estonia
Digital Single Market11/07: Mariya Gabriel is the new Commissioner for the Digital Economy and Society – European CommissionMariya Gabriel has been appointed as the new Member of the European Commission for the Digital Economy and Society. Her candidacy was proposed by the Bulgarian Government as Commissioner to replace former Member of the Commission Kristalina Georgieva.
11/07: European Copyright: Parliament committees vote for an unwaivable right to fair remuneration for audiovisual authors – SAA The European Parliament Industry and Culture committees voted in favour of an unwaivable right to fair remuneration for authors and performers for the making available of their works. Supported by the European audiovisual authors’ community, such a remuneration right would ensure that screenwriters and directors receive royalties when their works are exploited on on-demand services, wherever in Europe, thanks to its collective mechanism.
11/07: A loss for culture and research in today’s copyright votes by Pirate MEP Julia Reda – Julia Reda’s websiteThe Committee for Culture and Education (CULT) and the Committee for Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) ceirtainly didn’t prioritize culture, education or research in today’s copyright votes, highlights MEP Julia Reda.
Audiovisual Media Services Directive
/07: Mandate to the Culture committee on a new directive on audiovisual media services – IRIS newsletterThe European Parliament gave a mandate to the Committee on Culture and Education to begin talks with the European Council on a new directive on audiovisual media services in view of changing market realities.
8/09: Conference "Best practices in the fight against counterfeiting & piracy – the role and responsibility of advertising, logistic and financial service providers", Switzerland – more information here
3/4/09: European Film Forum in Venice – more information here
Digital Single Market 4/07: MEPs endorse Mariya Gabriel as Digital Economy Commissioner – Parliament Magazine MEPs have confirmed Mariya Gabriel as the new digital economy and society Commissioner. Gabriel has been an MEP since 2009 and is currently a Vice-Chair of Parliament's EPP group. She was recently rapporteur on introducing a visa waiver for Ukrainian citizens entering the EU.
4/07: European Audiovisual Observatory study : Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright – EAO website The study aims at providing a general overview of the rationale and the evolution of the exceptions and limitations to copyright in the numerous international treaties and European directives devoted to this topic, and in the consequent ratifications and implementations at national level. 10/07: EPP Group position on copyright: fair remuneration for creativity – EPP website
The EPP Group has adopted its common position on the proposal for a Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market.
Presidencies of the EU 7/07: Priorities Estonian Presidency of the EU – Estonian Presidency website
The priorities of the Estonian Presidency of the Council of the EU include: An open and innovative European Economy, a safe and secure Europe, a digital Europe and a free movement of data, and an inclusive and sustainable Europe.
MEDIA Programme 23/06: Call for proposals "Crowdsourcing subtitling to increase the circulation of European works" – European Commission website The Commission launches a €1 million call for proposals to find innovative solutions for film translation and for tracking language versions of films.
LUX Film Prize 3/07: LUX FILM PRIZE Official Selection Unveiled – FNE One Polish film and no less than three Bulgarian co-productions are among the ten films selected for the Official Selection of the LUX Prize.
Events 2/07: Update on the Trilogue negotiations on the Geo-blocking Regulation in IMCO committee – more information here 13/07: Consideration of amendments in JURI committee for the Broadcasting Regulation – more information here 8/09: Conference "Best practices in the fight against counterfeiting & piracy – the role and responsibility of advertising, logistic and financial service providers", Switzerland – more information here
CineEurope 13/06: UNIC’s 2017 annual report celebrates continued growth and innovation in European cinema exhibition – UNIC The International Union of Cinemas has published its Annual Report, examining key trends and developments in across the 36 territories represented by the association over the last year. 19/06: UNIC President Stresses Innovation And Diversity in CineEurope Keynote – Celluloid Junkie During his keynote address at CineEurope 2017, UNIC President Phil Clapp has highlighted the importance of innovation and diversity for the continued success of the European cinema sector. 21/06: Exhibitors Create Global Cinema Federation to Tackle Major Issues – UNIC The world’s leading cinema operators today announced the establishment of the Global Cinema Federation, a Worldwide grouping intended to represent cinema exhibition’s global interests. 22/06: UNIC launches Women's Cinema Leadership scheme – UNIC During CineEurope 2017, UNIC has launched its Women’s Cinema Leadership Scheme, a one year pilot mentoring programme for women in cinema exhibition. The programme will provide six rising female European cinema professionals with the unique opportunity to network with and receive 1-to-1 career advice from a group of senior female executives recognised for their leadership and business success across the wider cinema landscape.
Copyright 15/06: Axel Voss appointed new Rapporteur for Copyright Directive – EPP website Following the announcement that Therese Comodini Cachia will step down from the European Parliament in order to take up a seat in the Maltese Parliament, the EPP Group has appointed Axel Voss MEP, the EPP Group Spokesman on Legal Affairs, to carry on the rapporteurship of the Copyright Directive.
VOD 19/06: European films make up one third of all films promoted on VoD platforms in Europe – European Audiovisual Observatory The European Audiovisual Observatory, part of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, has just published a new report “Audiovisual Media Services in Europe: Focus on Services Targeting Other Countries”. Based on data gathered in the MAVISE database, the report provides an overview of the European audiovisual media landscape.
Events 01/07: Launch of the Estonian Presidency of the EU 11/07: Votes in CULT, LIBE and ITRE on Copyright Directive (tbc) 8/09: Conference "Best practices in the fight against counterfeiting & piracy – the role and responsibility of advertising, logistic and financial service providers", Switzerland – more information here
UNIC 27/05: European Cinema Trade Body UNIC Underlines Importance of Theatrical Release for Leading Film Festivals – Celluloid Junkie
The International Union of Cinemas (“UNIC”), representing cinema associations and key operators across 36 European territories, has today underlined the importance it attaches to ensuring that films selected for competition at leading film festivals receive a theatrical release and supporting the position adopted by French exhibition colleagues during the Cannes International Film Festival.
Digital Single Market 10/05: Digital Single Market mid-term review: Commission calls for swift adoption of key proposals and maps out challenges ahead – European Commission website
Having reached the middle of its mandate, the European Commission published the mid-term review of its Digital Single Market strategy.
Competition 10/05: Antitrust: Commission publishes final report on e-commerce sector inquiry – European Commission website
The European Commission's final report on the e-commerce sector inquiry identifies business practices that may restrict competition. It allows the Commission to target its enforcement of EU antitrust rules in e-commerce markets and has already prompted companies to review their practices.
Audiovisual Media Services Directive 23/05: The Council reached a general approach on the proposal for a revised directive on audiovisual media services – Consilium website
The Council reached a general approach on the proposal for a revised directive on audiovisual media services (AVMS) . The aim of the proposal is to respond to the unprecedented technological and market changes that the digital shift has brought about in order to preserve the competitiveness of Europe's audiovisual industry, while preserving fundamental values such as the protection of minors, media pluralism, cultural diversity and consumer protection.
24/05: AVMS Directive – Great progress to support Europe’s audiovisual works – SAA website
General Approach adopted by Culture Council goes further than European Commission proposal and promises a positive result on promotion of European works ahead of negotiations on final text with European Parliament and Commission. Events:
19 – 22/06: CineEurope 2017 – You can still register here
15-16/06: Digital Assembly, Malta – more information here 8/09: Conference " Best practices in the fight against counterfeiting & piracy – the role and responsibility of advertising, logistic and financial service providers", Switzerland – more information here
Proposed Regulation on country-of-origin licensing of certain online services by broadcasters 2/05: Over 400 audiovisual sector leaders covering all 28 Member States have signed a letter urging the EU Institutions to “reject and abandon” a proposal that “undermines the entire audiovisual eco-system in Europe” – International Video Federation & CW! The signatories, representing film and TV directors, screenwriters, performers and other creators, media workers, producers, distributors and publishers of film and television content, cinemas, commercial broadcasters, sports rights owners and collecting societies, are concerned that the proposed Regulation on country-of-origin licensing of certain online services by broadcasters threatens cultural diversity, growth and sustainable jobs for creative talent and skilled workers, as well as future investments in the audiovisual sector in Europe.
5/05: Hearing on copyright and the proposed Cab-Sat regulation – European Parliament website On 4 May 2017, the Committee on Legal Affairs held a public hearing on the Commission's proposal for a Regulation laying down rules on the exercise of copyright and related rights applicable to certain online transmissions of broadcasting organisations and re-transmissions of television and radio programmes.
Copyright 27/04: The sale of a multimedia player which enables films that are available illegally on the internet to be viewed easily and for free on a television screen could constitute an infringement of copyright – Press release by the Court of Justice of European Union The Court also finds that temporary acts of reproduction, on that multimedia player, of a copyright protected work obtained by streaming on a website belonging to a third party offering that work without the consent of the copyright holder, cannot be exempted from the right of reproduction.
Audiovisual Media Services Directive 25/04: EPP Group wants European content quota and cut-offs for advertising on Netflix and Co – EPP website "The usage behaviour has fundamentally changed. Nearly one quarter of internet users stream music or films on the internet. Therefore it is of the utmost importance that we adapt the rules for traditional television to the internet to bring the media world into the 21st century", said Sabine Verheyen MEP, the EPP Group's Rapporteur of the revision of the Audiovisual Media Directive (AVMD)
25/04: Media services: European content quota of 30% for on-demand platforms – European Parliament website To reflect Europe’s cultural diversity, MEPs called for a 30% quota of European works in on-demand platform catalogues, instead of the 20% proposed by the EU Commission. This quote should include works in the languages of the countries where they are distributed.
25/04: S&Ds prioritise consumer protection and fair competition in the distribution of audiovisual media content – S&D website “We are proud that the legal text adopted preserves media diversity and freedom of expression, protects consumers and guarantees fair competition between media providers in the distribution of audiovisual media content, regardless of the way in which these contents are distributed. This has been our primary objective.” stated Petra Kammervert MEP, S&D chair of the committee on culture and education.
25/04: E-commerce: ending "unjustified" geo-blocking across the EU – European Parliament website The draft law defines specific situations in which geo-blocking will not be allowed. This means that online sellers will not be able to discriminate against consumers elsewhere in the EU with regard to general terms and conditions, including prices, on the basis of their nationality, place of residence or even their temporary location, MEPs added.
25/04: Parliament votes to put an end to geo-blocking of online goods or services – S&D website The European Parliament’s internal market and consumer protection committee voted in favour of new rules that would prevent geo-blocking of online content in the EU. This means that companies will no longer be able to stop consumers accessing or purchasing from their website just because they are in a different EU member state.
25/04: Digital Single Market: geo-blocking should not obstruct cross-border trade – EPP website The EPP Group is in favour of limiting geo-blocking so that consumers can download music from applications, play their favourite video games or read e-books, regardless of in which country they purchased their subscriptions.
Copyright 11/04: European screenwriters and directors call for right to fair remuneration online – SAA European screenwriters and directors including Pedro Almodovar, Agnieszka Holland and Sir Alan Parker sent a letter to the Members of the Legal Affairs’ committee to support the introduction in the EC proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market of an amendment that would guarantee audiovisual authors proportionate remuneration wherever their works are exploited online across Europe.
CineEurope 10/04: CineEurope announce winner of international exhibitor of the year award – UNIC Eddy Duquenne, Chief Executive Officer of Kinepolis Group, has been named as the 2017 recipient of the “International Exhibitor of the Year Award” at CineEurope.
European Parliament 14/04: “Culture has a key role to play in overcoming Europe's challenges“ by MEP Petra Kammerevert (DE, S&D) – The Parliament Magazine Culture has been overlooked in EU policymaking, but it has a crucial role to play in overcoming Europe's challenges, writes Petra Kammerevert.
25/04: Geo-blocking and other forms of discrimination: adoption of draft report on 25 April – European Parliament website The regulation on geo-blocking seeks to provide more legal certainty and enforceability by defining specific situations when there can be no justified reason for discrimination on the grounds of nationality/residence. It also bans the blocking of access to websites and the use of automatic re-routing without the customer's prior consent. 25/04: Vote on the Audiovisual Media Services Directive on 25 April in Culture Committee – European Parliament website On 25 April, the CULT committee voted its report on the review of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive. More than 1300 amendments have been tabled to the proposal published in May last year, evidence of the great interest it has generated.
Events 16/05: Vote in plenary Portability Regulation 20/05: European Audiovisual Observatory Conference, Cannes – more information here21/05: Europa Cinemas Conference, Cannes 22/05: European Film Forum, Cannes 15-16/06: Digital Assembly, Malta – more information here 19-22/06: CineEurope 2017 – register here
Digital Single Market 23/03: Digital Single Market: watching TV shows when travelling – EPP website
The European Parliament’s Legal Affairs Committee made yet another step in achieving the Digital Single Market. The Committee approved a deal with the Council on a regulation on the cross-border portability of online content services in the internal market.
Copyright 29/03: GS Media and Its Implications for the Construction of the Right of Communication to the Public within EU Copyright Architecture – Common Market Law Review This article assesses the implications of the GS Media decision in respect of linking, and - more generally - the construction of the right of communication to the public. 1/04: Conference report: Online platforms and intermediaries in copyright law – The IPKat The conference on “Online Platforms and Intermediaries in Copyright Law” hosted by Ansgar Ohly and Matthias Leistner at the LMU Munich on 23 and 24 March 2017 shed light on several issues and challenges concerning current trends and developments in copyright law and intermediaries’ liability.
Media Literacy 28/03: New study published by the European Audiovisual Observatory on Media Literacy in Europe – EAO “Mapping of media literacy practices and actions in EU-28” is focused on projects relating to media services delivered on electronic communication networks, both linear and non-linear, and on information services where pertinent, whereas press, radio and off-line media are excluded from the report’s scope. Considering the existence of specific studies on actions related to school curricula, the European Commission has asked to include only media literacy actions that have taken place outside schools.
Events 19- 22/06 CineEurope - more information here 16/04: Deadline European Commission's public consultation on Creative Europe MEDIA – more information here 21/05: European Audiovisual Observatory Conference, Cannes 22/05: European Film Forum, Cannes
CineEurope 2017 CineEurope 2017, UNIC’s official annual convention and Europe’s biggest cinema exhibitors’ gathering, will take place from 19 - 22 June in Barcelona, Spain - UNIC
Creative Europe MEDIA 2/03: S&Ds call on the Commission to increase funding for European creative, cultural and audiovisual sectors – S&D website “We believe, that the integration of funds is indispensable. It could enable the European Union to not only value its cultural and linguistic diversity, but also strengthen the culture and creativity sectors, which are currently supporting growth” stated MEP Silvia Costa. 6/03: Deadline for the Open Public Consultation in relation with the evaluation of the Creative Europe programme is April 16 – Creative Europe Media The consultation aims to gather comments and perspectives on the relevance of the Creative Europe programme's objectives, the effectiveness of the measures taken to achieve them and the efficiency of their implementation.
Copyright 8/03: Politico publishes (part of) draft copyright report by MEP Comodini Cachia – The IPKat & here Politico Europe (PRO version) has just published part of the text of the draft report that MEP Comodini Cachia is preparing on the European Commission's copyright package - including the proposal for a directive on copyright in the Digital Single Market - at the request of the European Parliament.
Czech Republic 10/03: Czech Film Center and Czech Film Commission Became Part of the State Cinematography Fund – FNE The Czech Film Center together with the Czech Film Commission became part of the State Cinematography Fund, an institution that plays a key role in shaping the filmmaking environment in the Czech Republic.
Events: 21/05: European Audiovisual Observatory Conference, Cannes 22/05: European Film Forum, Cannes 15-16/06: Digital Assembly, Malta – more information here
Piracy Search engines and creative industries sign anti-piracy agreement in Britain – Intellectual Property Office Representatives from the creative industries, leading UK search engines, and the IPO developed a Voluntary Code of Practice dedicated to the removal of links to infringing content from the first page of search results.
Portability 15/02: EU Ambassadors endorse agreement: Cross Border Portable Digital Services – Maltese Presidency to the EU website The new rules, which will allow consumers to access online content services, paid for in their home country, whenever they are visiting another country within the European Union, have been endorsed by EU Ambassadors. This is part of the digital single market strategy, whose goal is to create an internal market for digital content and services. 23/02: MEPs welcome new portability rules – Parliament Magazine
New rules allowing EU citizens with subscriptions for online music, games, films and TV shows to access this content while travelling to another EU country have been welcomed by MEPs.
Events 16/03: European Audiovisual Observatory Advisory Committee Meeting, Strasbourg – more information here
The Conference organised by the European Audiovisual Observatory will look at the key trends from the audiovisual market and regulations. 15-16/06: Digital Assembly, Malta – more information here
The 2017 edition of the Digital Assembly will provide an opportunity for stakeholders to debate, take stock and look ahead at how Europe and how its partners around the world are preparing for this digital transformation
UNIC Update Cinema Industry
11/02: European cinema exhibition sees further growth in 2016 – Celluloid Junkie
UNIC released its provisional update on admissions and box office revenues across Europe for 2016, which is the first wide-ranging assessment of the performance of the European cinema sector last year. The figures show a positive year for cinema operators in most European territories.
Digital Single Market
2/02: CJ + UNIC Cinema Innovation – Interview with VP European Commission Andrus Ansip and UKCA/UNIC’s Phil Clapp – Celluloid Junkie
Vice President of the European Commission and the current Commissioner for the Digital Single Market Andrus Ansip and Phil Clapp, Head of the UK Cinema Association and President of UNIC, share their thoughts on cinema and innovation in Europe.
6/02: “Opportunities as well as challenges” by MEP Therese Comodini Cachia (Malta, EPP) on the EU copyright reform – Parliament Magazine
‘A digital single market that works for the cultural and creative industries requires a copyright framework that ensures digital access to creative content as well as fair remuneration’ states MEP Therese Comodini Cachia.
6/02: "An opportunity for both consumers and creators" by MEP Marc Joulaud (France, EPP) – Parliament Magazine
‘Consumers and rights holders both need each other to thrive and make the best of the tremendous opportunities offered by the digital environment’ writes Marc Joulaud.
7/02: EU negotiators agree on new rules allowing Europeans to travel and enjoy online content services across borders – European Commission website
The rules will reflect new ways in which Europeans enjoy culture and entertainment services online when they travel around the EU.
2/02: Antitrust: Commission opens three investigations into suspected anticompetitive practices in e-commerce – European Commission website
The European Commission has launched three separate investigations to assess if certain online sales practices prevent, in breach of EU antitrust rules, consumers from enjoying cross-border choice and being able to buy consumer electronics, video games and hotel accommodation at competitive prices.
Audiovisual Media Services Directive
6/02: "A prudent approach" by co-rapporteur MEP Petra Kammerevert (Germany, S&D) – Parliament Magazine
‘Our aim is to come up with a legal text that preserves media diversity and freedom of expression, protects consumers and guarantees fair competition between media providers in the distribution of audiovisual media content’ writes Petra Kammerevert.
3/02: Priorities for Europe: EU leaders set objectives for 2017 – European Parliament website
In December, former Parliament President Martin Schulz, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Robert Fico, representing the rotating Council presidency, signed the first ever joint declaration setting out the EU’s objectives and top six priorities for 2017, one of which is the Digital Single Market.
02/03: EUIPO Conference on Copyright Enforcement, Malta 16/03: European Audiovisual Observatory Advisory Committee Meeting, Strasbourg 15-16/06: Digital Assembly, Malta – more information here
European Parliament 17/01: Antonio Tajani elected as European Parliament President – European Parliament website and EPP website Antonio Tajani was elected president of the European Parliament on 17 January, succeeding Martin Schulz. Tajani, an Italian member of the centre-right European People’s Party (EPP) group and vice-president of the Parliament, received 351 votes in the fourth and final round of voting.
European Audiovisual Observatory
Creative Europe – MEDIA
Digital Single Market 11/01: Copyright rules fit for a Digital Single Market – EPP website On January 11, MEPs discussed the modernisation of the EU copyright with stakeholders at a hearing organized by the EPP group.
International Union of Cinemas - UNIC 16/01 UNIC released its Cinema Innovation Report exploring innovation and change in the European cinema. The report – Innovation and the Big Screen – can be found here 15/01: UNIC Cinema Innovation – Interview with Maddy Probst, Watershed / Europa Cinemas – Celluloid Junkie
Celluloid Junkie has partnered UNIC to highlight innovation in the European cinema sector through a series of interviews, excerpts and examples.In the first interview, CJ spoke to Maddy Probst, the Cinema Programme Producer for the Watershed, in Bristol, UK, as well as VP of Europa Cinemas, to find out some context on innovation around the European cinema scene.
European Parliament 13/01: European Parliament elections on 17 January: All you need to know – EP website MEPs elect on Tuesday 17 January Parliament's new president to replace Martin Schulz who is stepping down after five years. 16/01: Election of members to standing committees and sub-committees – EP website At the start of the second half of its 8th legislative term – January 18 and 19, the European Parliament will decide on the composition of its standing committees and subcommittees during its constituent plenary session in Strasbourg.
Presidency of the EU 9/01: Malta presidency in full swing – Presidency website The priorities of the Maltese Presidency of the EU Council of Ministers are being outlined to parliamentary committees by Maltese ministers at a series of meetings taking place in January.
Events 13/02: European Film Forum, Berlinale 02/03: EUIPO Conference on Copyright Enforcement, Malta 15-16/06: Digital Assembly, Malta - more information here
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